pick it up pick

Hey! This is Emma from mmmEnglish!
In this lesson, you're going to learn six phrasal verbs using the verb 'pick'.
在本节课程中,我们将会学习六个和动词“pick”有关的动词词组 。
Now, you know all about phrasal verbs by now, don't you?
You probably can't stand them!
But the truth is, you need to understand them and you need to recognise them when you see them and hear them.
And of course, you need to learn how to use them!
但是事实是,你需要理解它们,当看到它们、听到它们的时候,你需要立马认出它们 。
They are just so commonly used in English.
I'm always surprised by how many times I hear them in conversation or how many times I read them when I'm looking through a blog post.
它们在英文中非常常见 。
我在对话当中听到它们的次数或者是在看博客的时候看到它们的次数简直是令人震惊 。
They're everywhere! But they are frustrating to learn!
The same phrasal verb can have different meanings and rules that you need to understand and they're not always the same.
Some phrasal verbs are really common, others, not so much.
同一个动词词组可能会有不同的意思和规则,需要你去理解,而且它们并不总是相同的 。
有些动词词组非常常见,但是其他的就不那么常见了 。
But don't worry we're going to go over some of the common phrasal verbs using the verb, 'pick'.
Let's dive in!
但是不要担心,我们先来学习一些和“pick”这个动词相关的常见动词词组吧 。
Phrasal verbs are made up of a verb and either a preposition or an adverb like 'pick at'.
Now, this is a phrasal verb that is transitive and inseparable.
动词词组是由动词和介词或者是副词组成的,比如说“pick at”(吃得很少,挑食) 。
这个动词词组是及物的,而且不能分开 。
If you're not sure what that means, I've made a whole other video about it right here.
But this phrasal verb is inseparable because the words can't be separated.
如果你不确定那是什么意思的话,这边有另一个视频介绍它呢,就在这里 。
但是这个动词短语是不可分的,因为单词不能离开彼此 。
They need to stay together at all times.
And it's transitive because it doesn't make any sense on its own.
它们需要一直待在一起 。
而且这是个及物动词词组,因为它自身并没有什么意思 。
You can't just pick at. Pick at what?
你不能只是“pick at” 。“Pick at”什么东西?
【pick it up pick】You need to pick at something like food.
Children often pick at their food!
你需要少量地吃什么东西,比如说食物 。
Or someone who's distracted or disappointed, annoyed or upset, usually they pick at their food when they're eating.
You've done this before!
或者是,当有人心不在焉、失望、愤怒或者是心情苦闷的时候,他们通常都不怎么吃东西 。
When you only eat a small amount because you're not really interested in it so you just push the food around your plate.
Awful! He hardly made eye contact at all and he just picked at his dinner all night.
当你只吃一点点东西的时候,因为你对食物不感兴趣,所以你一直在摆弄盘子里的食物 。
太可怕了!他和我全程零眼神交流,晚餐也只吃了一点点 。
I don't think I'll see him again.
To 'pick at' can also mean to touch something many times in an annoying way.
我再也不会和他见面了 。
“Pick at”还有个意思就是摸某个东西很多很多次,而这种方式很令人讨厌 。
It's often used with sores. To 'pick off'.
一般是和疮疡一起使用的 。“Pick off”
Now, this means to remove.
This phrasal verb is separable, the words can be separated.
这个词组的意思是去掉 。
这个动词词组是可分离的,这两个单词可以分开 。
Order whatever pizza you want, I'll just pick the mushrooms off!
Or, I'll just pick off the mushrooms.
'Pick on'. Now, this phrasal verb is not the opposite of 'pick off' and that's one of the annoying things about English phrasal verbs, they're not always logical.